Oral hygiene occupies a prime space in the complex of prophylactic examinations whose primary purpose is to preserve the tissues and organs in the oral cavity. Health and beauty emanates from the clean mouth and they give a spectacular charm to a person and his/her smile.
Teeth prepare the food for its full utilization by the body. But it is hard to preserve them for a long time.
The most important elements of the oral prophylaxis are the food and fluoride prophylaxis, oral hygiene and the active treatment of dental diseases. Good oral hygiene includes: removing of the dental deposits/tartar/, because they are the main factors for appearance of dental disease; improving the structure of the hard dental tissues of the mouth and their resistance to the action of external factors; satisfying the aesthetic needs of a person. These tasks can be achieved by maintaining high individual and professional hygiene of the mouth. The oral hygiene influences on all the exposed organs and structures in the mouth: enamel, cement, mouth mucosa and gums, and their natural environment-secretions and saliva. The interest in dental plaque is great. Experts have studied the origin, composition, structure, development and activity of the dental plaque and its influence as a factor of caries and periodontium diseases. Common cause for damage of the tissue’s functional complex of the mouth is tartar. Its removal is an essential part of the professional oral hygiene. Good oral hygiene, along with fluoridation and rational nutrition are guidelines in prevention of dental caries.
How to maintain our mouth?
Dental plaque is a coating formed on the surface of teeth. It is a soft body made of microorganisms and products of their activities. Plaque is firmly attached to tooth surfaces and it cannot be removed by rinsing the mouth. Surfaces on which it forms are the main areas of development of dental caries. The most effective and harmless way to remove the plaque is to brush your teeth with toothpaste. The main purpose of the brush is to remove the plaque, having access to all places in the mouth. You should carefully select your brush according to the age and oral conditions. The most difficult thing is to clean the back surfaces of the teeth, especially teeth spaces. For this purpose you should use toothpicks made of wood. To clean the interdental space is also used dental floss (with or without wax), but you should always use them after you brush your teeth.
The most common way to maintain the personal oral hygiene is brushing. You can clean your teeth by moving the brush horizontally, vertically and circularly. As an additional cleaning agent, you can use hygienic chewing gums. They are well accepted, especially by children and young people. These special chewing gums contain antiseptic agents, fluorides, enzymes, vitamins, etc.
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